Understanding Urogynaecology: A Comprehensive Guide for Women


Urogynaecology is a specialized field of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of women with disorders affecting the pelvic floor. The pelvic organs, including the bladder, uterus, and rectum are supported by the pelvic floor, which is  composed of muscles, ligaments, and tissues When these structures become weakened or damaged, women may experience a range of symptoms that can significantly impact their quality of life. Seeking care from a qualified urogynaecologist, who are experts in the management of these conditions, therefore, is crucial, and for a large number of patients. Being attended to and treated by a female urogynae in Singapore is a must. 

Pelvic floor disorders can have a profound effect on a woman’s physical and emotional well-being. Some of the common conditions treated by urogynaecologists include urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, and overactive bladder. Without proper diagnosis and treatment, these conditions can lead to a variety of complications. 

Common urogynaecological conditions

There are several common urogynaecological conditions that women may experience. 

Urinary incontinence is a prevalent condition characterized by the involuntary leakage of urine. It can occur during activities such as coughing, sneezing, or exercising. Pelvic organ prolapse is a common condition where one or more pelvic organs descend into the vagina. This can cause discomfort, pressure, and a feeling of heaviness in the pelvic area. Overactive bladder is yet another condition that affects many women. It is characterized by a sudden and frequent urge to urinate, often leading to urinary incontinence. 

Symptoms that may indicate the need to see a urogynecologist

If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, it may be time to schedule an appointment with a female urogynae in Singapore:

  • Frequent episodes of urinary incontinence or leakage
  • A sudden and urgent need to urinate that is difficult to control
  • Pain or discomfort in the pelvic area
  • A feeling of pressure or heaviness in the vagina
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder completely
  • Recurrent urinary tract infections
  • Painful sexual intercourse

If any of these symptoms are affecting your daily life or causing distress, it is important to consult with a urogynaecologist who can provide an accurate diagnosis and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

What to expect during a urogynaecology appointment

During your first appointment with a urogynaecologist, you can expect a comprehensive evaluation of your condition. 

The doctor will begin by taking a detailed medical history, including any past surgeries or pregnancies. They may also ask you about your symptoms, their severity, and how they affect your everyday activities. A physical examination will be performed, including an assessment of your pelvic floor muscles. Additional tests, such as urodynamic studies or ultrasound, may be ordered to gather more information about your condition. Based on the findings, your urogynaecologist will discuss the diagnosis and treatment options available to you.

How to find a qualified urogynecologist

When seeking a qualified urogynaecologist, it is important to consider their credentials and experience. 

Start by asking your primary care physician for recommendations. You can also consult professional organizations, such as the International Urogynecological Association, for a list of certified urogynaecologists in your area. Additionally, consider reading online reviews and testimonials from other patients to gauge their satisfaction with the doctor’s care. It is essential to find a urogynaecologist who not only has the necessary skills and experience, but also makes you feel comfortable and supported throughout your treatment journey.

Treatment options for urogynaecological conditions

Non-surgical treatments may include lifestyle modifications, pelvic floor exercises, and medication. Lifestyle modifications often involve dietary changes, weight management, and avoiding activities that exacerbate symptoms, such as heavy lifting. Pelvic floor exercises, also known as Kegel exercises, can help strengthen the muscles that support the pelvic organs. Medications may be prescribed to manage symptoms such as urinary incontinence or overactive bladder. In more severe cases or when conservative treatments fail, surgical interventions may be recommended. Surgical options range from minimally invasive procedures to more complex surgeries, and the choice will depend on the specific condition and individual circumstances.

In addition to medical treatments, making certain lifestyle changes can help manage urogynaecological issues. Here are some self-care tips to consider:

  • Maintain a healthy weight: Excess weight can put additional strain on the pelvic floor muscles, exacerbating symptoms. Maintaining a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise can help alleviate symptoms.
  • Stay hydrated: Drinking an adequate amount of water can help prevent urinary tract infections and maintain bladder health. You should aim for at least eight glasses of water per day.
  • Practice good toilet habits: Avoid delaying urination and empty your bladder completely each time. Also, you must avoid straining during bowel movements, as it can put additional pressure on the pelvic floor.
  • Avoid bladder irritants: Certain foods and beverages, such as caffeine, alcohol, and spicy foods, can irritate the bladder and worsen symptoms. If possible, limit or avoid these triggers to reduce discomfort.
  • Practice pelvic floor exercises: Regularly performing pelvic floor exercises, such as Kegels, can strengthen the muscles that support the pelvic organs and improve symptoms. These exercises target the muscles that support the bladder, uterus, and rectum, helping to improve muscle strength and control. It is important to learn the correct technique for these exercises to ensure maximum effectiveness. Your urogynaecologist or a pelvic floor physiotherapist can guide you in performing these exercises correctly and help you develop a personalized exercise program.

Living with urogynaecological conditions can be challenging, both physically and emotionally. Fortunately, there are support groups and resources available to help women navigate their journey. These support groups provide a safe space for women to share their experiences, seek advice, and find emotional support. Additionally, there are numerous online resources, websites, and forums dedicated to urogynaecology, providing valuable information and educational materials. Connecting with others who have similar experiences can be empowering and help women feel less alone in their journey to manage urogynaecological conditions.

Take charge of your pelvic health and schedule an appointment today with a female urogynae in Singapore. Your well-being is worth it!

Dr. Ng Kai Lyn – Female Gynaecologist

38 Irrawaddy Rd, #05-34/35 Mt Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre, Singapore 329563


+65 6011 1531